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Small Businesses May Be Able To Rely On External Advice When Dismissing An Employee

A small and/or owner-managed employer may fairly dismiss an employee on the advice of an external HR consultant in certain circumstances, according to a recent ruling.

The owner of a small business had nine employees and dismissed a senior manager for gross misconduct. The conduct in question involved “a senior manager engaging in sexual activity with a member of his staff on the company’s premises after hours, accompanied by a conversation which revealed, at the least, a complete lack of respect for his boss”.

The owner, who was also the managing director, asked an external HR consultant for advice who recommended dismissal. The MD decided to dismiss the manager on her advice, and rejected an appeal on the basis of advice from another consultant in the same agency.

The Employment Appeal Tribunal ruled that it was fair and reasonable for a small employer with no employment law expertise to obtain and make decisions based on advice from an external consultant, and that the dismissal was within the band of reasonable responses for an employer in the circumstances. The fact that the managing director made the ultimate decision to dismiss was inevitable in the circumstances, given the nature of the business. Therefore, the decision to dismiss was not unfair or unreasonable on grounds he should not have been involved in both the decision to dismiss and the subsequent appeal.


Small and/or owner-managed businesses looking to dismiss employees should consider taking advice from external expert consultants, as this may be followed in certain circumstances.

Case ref: GM Packaging (UK) Ltd v Haslem [2014] UKEAT 0259_13_2901

Posted by:

Alex Cook

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