The Joint Contracts Tribunal, otherwise known as JCT, is the legal system in place used to produce standardised contracts and guidance notes for the construction industry. It was first established in 1931, and has since grown to encompass numerous entities with many contributing organisations. At present, the seven key operational members include:
The British Property Federation
The Royal Institute of British Architects
The Contractors Legal Group, which is made up of the National Federation of Builders, the UK Contractors Group, the National Access And Scaffolding Confederation, and the Scottish Building Federation
The Royal Institution of Chartered Surveyors
The National Specialist Contractors Council
The Local Government Association
The Scottish Building Contract Committee
All operational decisions are made via the cooperation of these seven entities. Namely, the ‘family of forms’ comprises many of the necessary contracts for construction, and are renewed continuously. The most recent family of forms was drawn up in 2016, with previous versions having been released in 1998, 2005, 2009, and 2011. They remain the most popular form of construction contract in the United Kingdom.

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